This article takes a detailed look at indoor football, often referred to as arena football. We explain indoor football, discuss the goals, the pitch, and the ball, and compare it with other football variants.

What is Indoor Football?

Indoor football is a variation of eight-man gridiron football played indoors on a smaller field than American or Canadian football. It’s known for its high-scoring, fast-paced action and unique rules, like walls surrounding the field and a trampoline behind the end zones.

The Indoor Football League (IFL) is the most prominent league in the United States. Here is a more detailed explanation:


  • Smaller than traditional football: 66 yards long and 28 yards wide (about ¼ the size of an NFL field).
  • Walls surround the field except for the end zones, which have trampolines behind them.
  • Nets above the walls prevent balls from leaving the field of play.
  • Lines mark first downs, scoring zones, and penalty areas.


  • 8 players per team on the field at any time.
  • Larger rosters (20 active, 4 inactive) than traditional football due to more substitutions.
  • Positions include quarterback, offensive and defensive linemen, receivers, defensive backs, and a fullback/linebacker hybrid.


  • Faster pace than traditional football due to the smaller field and fewer players.
  • Games consist of four 15-minute quarters.


  • Touchdowns worth 6 points (including 1-point conversion kick or 2-point conversion play).
  • Field goals are worth 3 points.
  • Safeties are worth 2 points.

Special rules

  • The ball can be bounced off the walls to complete passes or advance the ball.
  • Two-point conversions must be attempted from the 5-yard line.
  • Onside kicks are replaced with a play where the receiving team tries to recover the ball after it’s kicked off the wall.


  • The major indoor football league is the Arena Football League (AFL), which is set to restart in 2024.
  • Other leagues, such as arenafootball2 and the China Arena Football League, have existed.

Indoor Football Goals Explained

In indoor football, scoring primarily happens through touchdowns and field goals.


  • Worth 6 points: Similar to traditional football, a touchdown occurs when a player catches the ball in the end zone or crosses the goal line with the ball.
  • Two-point conversion: After a touchdown, teams can attempt a two-point conversion by throwing or running the ball into the end zone from the 5-yard line.

Field Goals

  • Worth 3 points: Unlike traditional football, where field goals are kicked through the uprights, arena football uses a drop kick. The kicker drops the ball and kicks it as it hits the ground.
  • Special goalposts: The goalposts differ from traditional football. They have:
    Wider uprights (9 feet wide compared to 18 feet in the NFL).
    Lower crossbar (15 feet above the ground instead of 10 feet).
  • Netting on either side: These nets prevent missed kicks or throws from leaving the field and keep the ball in play, potentially leading to exciting returns.

Scoring with the walls

In arena football, players can utilize the walls surrounding the field. If a player throws or bounces the ball off the wall and it lands in the end zone, it still counts as a touchdown.

Similarly, if a player makes a successful drop kick that bounces off the net and goes through the goal posts, it’s a valid field goal.

Indoor Football Pitch

Find a detailed explanation of the indoor football pitch below.

Key features

  • Walls: Surround the field except for the end zones, typically made of padded panels to absorb impact.
  • Nets: Extend above the walls to prevent balls from leaving the playing area.
  • Goal posts: Wider uprights (9 feet) and lower crossbar (15 feet) compared to traditional football.
  • Trampolines: Located behind each end zone, used to deflect missed field goals and kickoffs back into play.


  • First down lines: Every 10 yards along the field.
  • Scoring zones: End zones marked in bright colors for touchdown identification.
  • Penalty areas: Designated areas for specific penalties.

Indoor Football Ball

Size and Weight

  • Smaller than a traditional American football: about 8.75 inches long and 5.25 inches in diameter.
  • Slightly heavier than a traditional football: around 14 ounces.


  • Typically made of composite materials like polyurethane or leather.
  • Some balls might use a combination of materials for specific properties.
  • The material choice aims for a better grip and handling than a standard football.


  • Four white panels with red laces, similar to a traditional football but smaller.
  • The panels help maintain air pressure and create a consistent aerodynamic shape.
  • The laces improve grip for throwing and catching.


  • Designed for the fast-paced nature of arena football.
  • A firmer grip allows for quicker throws and catches.
  • Lower bounce helps maintain control on the smaller field with walls.
  • Weight contributes to a faster throw due to less air resistance.

Differences from Traditional Football

  • Smaller size for quicker movement and throws.
  • Heavier weight for better grip and throws in a faster game.
  • Lower bounce due to the smaller field and walls.

Indoor Football vs Other Types of Football

Here’s a comparison of indoor arena football to other popular football varieties:

FeatureIndoor Arena FootballAmerican FootballCanadian FootballFutsal
Playing FieldIndoor, smaller (66×28 yards), walls & trampolinesOutdoor, large (120×53.3 yards)Outdoor, wider field (110×65 yards)Indoor, hardcourt, smaller (42×25 meters)
Players8 per team on field11 per team on field12 per team on field5-7 per team on field
ScoringTouchdowns (6pts), field goals (3pts), safeties (2pts)Touchdowns (6pts), field goals (3pts), safeties (2pts)Touchdowns (6pts), field goals (3pts), two-point conversions (2pts), rouge (1pt)Goals (1pt)
PaceVery fast & high-scoringFast & physicalModerately fast, strategicFast & technical
Unique RulesBounce off walls, two-point conversions from 5-yard line, drop kicks for field goalsNoneThree downs, wider field, rouge points, twelve men on fieldSmaller court, no offside
PopularityLess popular, regional leaguesMost popular in North AmericaPopular in Canada & internationallyPopular worldwide
AccessibilityEasier to build indoor arenasRequires large outdoor fieldsRequires large outdoor fieldsCan be played on various indoor/outdoor courts

Key Differences

  • Field size and features: Indoor arena football uses a much smaller field with unique elements like walls and trampolines, leading to a faster and more unpredictable game.
  • Number of players: Arena football has fewer players on the field, impacting gameplay strategies and emphasizing individual skills.
  • Scoring: Arena football has some variations in scoring rules, like the two-point conversion attempt from the 5-yard line and dropkicks for field goals.
  • Pace and style: Arena football is generally faster and higher-scoring, while other forms prioritize strategy and physicality to varying degrees.
  • Popularity and accessibility: While American football dominates in North America, arena football has a smaller regional following. However, its indoor nature makes it more accessible for facility development.

Choosing the Right Football

The best football for you depends on your preferences.

  • Fast-paced action and unique rules: Go for arena indoor football.
  • Traditional gameplay and large-scale stadiums: Choose American or Canadian football.
  • Technical skills and smaller court setting: Futsal might be your choice. If you are interested in it, read about futsal rules more.

Ultimately, explore and try different variations to discover which football game excites you the most!


In summary, indoor football, or futsal, is a faster and more exciting version of traditional football.

Fewer players emphasize individual skills like agility and quick throws, while unique rules like drop kicks for field goals add another layer of excitement.

Whether you love the traditional game or crave something thrilling and unpredictable, indoor arena football offers a great experience.

What is indoor football❓

In this version of football, two teams of six players compete on a field enclosed by walls rather than traditional boundary lines. Unlike the standard eleven-player format, this game does not pause for throw-ins, corners, or goal kicks.

What is the name of the indoor football sport❓

Futsal is the international name for indoor football.

Is indoor football same as futsal❓

Futsal is played on hard surfaces. Indoor soccer is played on turf. Walls surround indoor soccer pitches. Futsal courts don’t have surrounding walls at all.

Who invented indoor football❓

Jim Foster, a promotions manager with the National Football League (NFL), invented indoor football.

When was invented indoor football❓

Indoor football was invented in 1986.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

Football philosophy is the guiding force that shapes the captivating fusion of skill, strategy, and passion, extending far beyond the boundaries of the pitch.

Beyond the sheer athleticism, football becomes an intricate dance guided by a team’s philosophy—a unique set of principles defining its approach to the game. 

This article explores the intricacies of football philosophy, shedding light on its profound impact on teams, players, and worldwide football.

Understanding Football Philosophy

At the core of a team lies its football philosophy, encapsulating a comprehensive array of principles that go beyond mere tactics.

It encompasses playing style, values, and a long-term vision that collectively molds a team’s identity.

Whether embracing possession-based strategies, executing direct counter-attacks, or maintaining a defensive stronghold, these philosophies are intentional choices reflecting a team’s character and aspirations.


Understanding a team’s philosophy necessitates delving into its historical context, cultural influences, and the visionary leaders shaping its core values.

It’s a dynamic entity, adapting to the ever-changing football landscape, responding to the sport’s evolution and the demands of the contemporary game.

The Evolution of Philosophies

The journey of football philosophies is one of continual evolution, responsive to changes in coaching methodologies, player capabilities, and broader sociocultural contexts.

Each era witnessed distinctive playing styles, from the revolutionary Total Football of Dutch maestro Rinus Michels to the efficient catenaccio of Italian football.

Modern football introduces the high-pressing fervor of Jurgen Klopp and the intricate tiki-taka of Pep Guardiola, showcasing the sport’s adaptability and dynamism.

Comprehending the evolution of these philosophies provides insights into the strategic thinking behind the beautiful game and the factors shaping successful teams.

The Manager’s Profound Influence

Front and center in football philosophy is the manager, a master tactician whose influence extends beyond the touchline.

Visionaries like Sir Alex Ferguson, Arsène Wenger, and Sir Matt Busby succeeded and left a lasting imprint by instilling a distinct philosophy in their clubs.

In the contemporary landscape, Pep Guardiola’s impact at Barcelona and Manchester City, alongside Jurgen Klopp’s transformative tenure at Borussia Dortmund and Liverpool, exemplify managers shaping their teams’ identity through unique footballing philosophies.

Exploring these managerial philosophies reveals the delicate balance between strategic acumen, man-management skills, and adaptability to football’s ever-evolving nature.

Club Identity and Values

Football philosophy acts as the lifeblood of a club, permeating its identity, values, and overall culture. Clubs like Barcelona and Ajax aren’t merely recognized for triumphs but celebrated for their commitment to developing homegrown talent and playing attractive, attacking football.

The philosophy becomes a guiding force influencing recruitment, youth development, and the overall ethos within the organization.

Understanding how clubs marry on-field success with off-field values provides a holistic view of their impact on the footballing world and local communities.

Tactical Innovations

A closer look into football philosophy reveals tactical innovations revolutionizing the game, from the sweeper in catenaccio to the false nine in tiki-taka. These tactical nuances showcase a constant quest for innovation within a team’s philosophy.


As coaches experiment with formations and playing styles, the tactical evolution of football captivates fans and pundits alike. Understanding the tactical intricacies enhances appreciation for the battles unfolding on the pitch.

Youth Development and Academies

Integral to football philosophy is its impact on youth development and academics. Clubs dedicated to a playing style instill these principles early, fostering a generation of players well-versed in the club’s philosophy.

Emphasizing youth development ensures sustained success and continuity of a team’s unique identity. Youth development strategies help clubs groom and transition young talents from the academy to the first team.

Fan Engagement and Community Impact

Beyond the pitch, football philosophy extends into fan engagement and community impact. Clubs prioritizing a solid connection with supporters integrate their philosophies into community programs, forging a deeper bond between the team and its loyal fanbase.

This symbiotic relationship enhances football’s cultural significance, turning stadiums into vibrant hubs of passion and camaraderie.

Understanding the impact of football philosophy on fan engagement sheds light on how clubs become more than just sporting entities but symbols resonating with communities.

Global Influences and Cross-Cultural Adaptation

In an era of globalization, football philosophy transcends geographical boundaries. Coaches and players from diverse backgrounds bring unique perspectives, blending traditional styles with contemporary approaches.

Cross-cultural adaptation enriches the sport, creating a tapestry of playing styles resonating with fans globally.

Understanding how different cultures influence and adapt football philosophies provides a global perspective on the universal appeal of the beautiful game.

Financial Implications and Commercialization

In contemporary football, financial considerations and commercialization play a significant role in shaping a club’s philosophy. Balancing on-field success with off-field financial stability illuminates challenges modern football clubs face.

The influence of sponsorship deals, television rights, and global merchandising adds complexity. Exploring the financial implications of football philosophy offers a comprehensive understanding of the intricate dance between sporting ambitions and economic realities.


Football philosophy refers to the overarching approach, style, and principles that a football team, manager, or club adheres to in how they play the game.

Football philosophy stands strong, shaping teams’ destinies and leaving a lasting impact. Whether it’s the rhythmic samba of Brazilian football or the disciplined symphony of Italian catenaccio, each philosophy adds to the game’s beauty.

Understanding the philosophy of football enriches the spectators’ experience and helps them better understand the game’s complexity on the field of play.

What is football philosophy, and why is it crucial for teams❓

Football philosophy is the principles and beliefs guiding a team’s approach to the game. It encompasses playing style, values, and a long-term vision that shapes the team’s identity. It is crucial as it influences strategic decisions, player development, and the overall culture of the club.

How do managers contribute to a team's football philosophy❓

Managers play a pivotal role in shaping a team’s football philosophy. Their tactical decisions, coaching methods, and leadership style significantly impact the team’s identity. Successful managers, such as Pep Guardiola and Jurgen Klopp, leave a lasting imprint by imparting a distinct philosophy onto their clubs.

Can football philosophy evolve over time❓

Yes, football philosophy is dynamic and can evolve. Changes in coaching methodologies, player capabilities, and societal influences contribute to the constant evolution of playing styles. Successful teams adapt their philosophies to stay competitive in the ever-changing football landscape.

How does youth development align with a club's football philosophy❓

Youth development is integral to a club’s football philosophy. Clubs committed to a specific playing style often instill these principles in young players, ensuring a seamless transition from the academy to the first team. Youth development becomes a strategic component in maintaining the continuity of a team’s unique identity.

What role does fan engagement play in football philosophy❓

Fan engagement is crucial for football clubs and often reflects the club’s philosophy. Clubs prioritizing a solid connection with their supporters integrate their philosophies into community programs, fostering a deeper bond between the team and its loyal fanbase. This engagement enhances the cultural significance of football beyond the pitch.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

So you want to run your own NFL survivor pool this season, huh? As commissioner, you’ll organise all the football pool rules and logistics to ensure everyone has a fair shot at the pot. Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. Running an NFL survivor pool is easier than you might think if you establish and stick to a clear set of rules up front. Also, for you would be helpful to read about Football rules and regulations.

What is a football pool?

A football pool is a game where participants predict the outcome of football matches.

How do participants make predictions in a football pool?

Participants typically select the team they believe will win or predict a draw for each match in the pool.

What are the common rules for scoring in a football pool?

The rules for scoring in a football pool can vary, but common scoring methods include awarding points for correctly predicting the winning team or a draw, and additional points for predicting the exact score or goal difference.

Are there any specific rules regarding tiebreakers in football pools?

Yes, tiebreakers are often used to determine winners in case of a tie. This can be based on factors such as the total number of goals scored or selecting a specific match as a tiebreaker to predict the score.

Can participants change their predictions after submitting them in a football pool?

It depends on the rules set for the specific football pool. Some pools allow changes to predictions until a certain deadline, while others may have a lock-in period where predictions cannot be altered.

In this guide, we’ll walk you through how to set up your pool, determine the entry fee, pick the teams, deal with upsets and more. By the time the season kicks off, you’ll be ready to enjoy friendly competition with your fellow football fanatics. The key is keeping things simple but fun. If you follow our tips, you’ll host a survivor pool that keeps everyone returning each week.

Football Pool Rules

To run your own NFL survivor pool, you must establish rules to keep things fair and fun for everyone. Football pool how it works?

survivor football pool rules

  • Decide on an entry fee. This typically ranges from $10 to $50 per person. The entry fees fund the prize pool.

  • Determine how many losses will eliminate a team. The most common options are 1 loss or 2 losses. With 1 loss, the pool will end faster, but there’s more luck involved. Two losses reduce the luck factor.

  • Set a deadline for entries and payments. Make it at least a week before the start of the NFL season. This gives you time to organize the entries and pay all fees before kickoff.

  • Figure out the payouts and prizes. The most typical payout is winner takes, with the entire prize pool going to the last survivor. You can also do smaller weekly prizes or payouts for 2nd and 3rd place.

  • Decide if teams can be picked more than once. Allowing re-picks makes the pool more challenging and introduces more strategy. Not allowing re-picks is simpler but more luck-based.

  • Determine tiebreakers in case multiple entries survive the same number of weeks. Common tiebreakers include the earliest entry, the highest points scored that week, or a random draw.

  • Share the official rules with all participants before the season starts. This ensures no questions or confusion about how the pool will operate.
football pool nfl types

By establishing clear rules upfront, you’ll have a fair, well-organized NFL survivor pool that all your friends will want to join each season!

Football Pool Types

When setting up your football pool, you’ve got a few options for how to run it. The two most popular football pool types are survivor pools and pick ’em pools.

In a survivor football pool rules, you pick one team to win each week. If your team wins, you move on to the next week. Lose once, and you’re out. This style ramps the excitement since your season can end anytime! To win, you’ve got to have skill-picking teams and a bit of luck. Survivor pools typically award the pot to the last person standing.

For pick ’em pools, you pick the winners of each game each week. Points are awarded for each correct pick. The person with the most points at the end of the season wins. Pick ’em pools require you to know how all the teams match up to pick the most winners. They’re easier to run since people stay in the pool all season.

betting for game

You really can’t go wrong with either choice. Survivor pools crank up the intensity, while pick ‘em pools are more casual. Think about what would engage your group the most and match the buy-in to the style. A $20 buy-in is typical for pick ‘em, while $50-$100 is common for survivors.

Whatever you choose, communicate the rules, collect entry fees upfront, and have fun with it! A well-run office pool can build excitement and bring people together. And who knows, this may be your year to take home the prize!

Football Pool NFL

To run your own football pool NFL survivor, you’ll need to establish some ground rules to keep things fair and prevent confusion. Here are some of the key factors to consider:

Choose a Platform

Decide how you want to run the pool – on a website like ESPN, CBS Sports or Yahoo, or manually on a spreadsheet. Running it on a major sports website is easiest since they handle the logistics. But for a small pool, a simple spreadsheet works too.

football pool how it works

Entry Fee

Charge an entry fee to build the prize pool. $10-$20 per entry is typical. Collect fees before the season starts.

Elimination Style

Most pools use an elimination style, where players pick one team to win each week and are eliminated if that team loses. The last player standing wins the pot. This style is the simplest to run and understand.

Weekly Deadline

Set a deadline for submitting weekly picks, typically a few hours before Sunday’s first game kicks off. Send a reminder email to all players a day or two before the deadline.


Decide on a tiebreaker system if multiple entries pick the same winning team each week. Common tiebreakers include:

  • Total points scored in a week

  • Victory margin

  • Monday night’s total score
judges of the game

Establishing clear rules upfront and communicating them to all players will help ensure your NFL survivor pool runs smoothly all season long. And a little luck, of course! By following these tips, you’ll be well on your way to hosting a successful football pool.


So there you have everything you need to know to know about football pool rules and run your own NFL survivor pool. It may seem like a lot of work, but it’ll become second nature once you get the basics down.

The key is starting with solid rules for football pool to keep things fair and fun for everyone. If you build it, they will come – your friends and coworkers will be lining up to test their football knowledge and luck. And who knows, if you play your cards right, you might just find yourself the last survivor standing with a pocket full of cash.

The real winners, though, are the fans – any excuse to yell at the TV with friends on a Sunday is a good one. So good luck, enjoy the season, and may the odds be ever in your favour!

Posted in Football guide for beginners

When you walk into a bar, sports house, or any entertainment joint, you will most likely find a table football. It’s a very popular game that is relatively easy to play. However, before joining a tournament or playing with a friend, you need to understand a couple of table football rules. These rules are enforced to make the game exciting and also promote fair play. But if you want to do more sport, maybe for you better choice Futsal rules and regulations.

What is table football?

Table football, also known as foosball or table soccer, is a game that simulates the sport of football/soccer on a tabletop.

How many players are there in a standard table football game?

In a standard table football game, there are two teams, each consisting of four rods with figures attached, representing the players.

How do you start a table football game?

The game begins with a coin toss or any agreed-upon method to determine which team gets the first possession.

Can the goalkeeper spin 360 degrees?

No, according to the standard rules, the goalkeeper is not allowed to spin all the way around (360 degrees). They must remain within their designated area.

What happens if the ball goes off the table during play?

If the ball goes off the table during play, the opposing team is awarded a “dead ball” and takes possession from the nearest spot on the edge of the table.

Table Football Rules

If you want to learn how to play table football, here are some of the general table football rules you should be familiar with:

Rule 1:

A typical football table match comprises of two teams. This can be 1×1 or 2×2. In every team, there are 11 players on the table that are attached to bars. These players are divided into forwards, midfielders, and defenders.

Rule 2:

It’s a general rule that all football table game start with a coin toss. This determines who chooses a certain end of the table and starts the game first. The first player must confirm that the opponent is ready before playing.

how to play table football

Rule 3:

Please note that table football players are not permitted to score a goal from the first touch or shot. The ball must be passed to at least two players before a goal attempt is made.

Rule 4:

After a goal has been scored. The ball must be given to the player who has conceded.

Rule 5:

Any figures on the table are allowed to score goals. It doesn’t matter whether the shot came from the defender or striker, the goal will still count.

Rule 6:

If the ball enters the goal and comes out immediately, that still counts. This is usually referred to as the dish.

Rule 7:

To win a football table match, a player must score at least five goals. This can be customized to seven or ten goals depending on the players’ preferences.

football table rules game

Rule 8:

If a ball gets into the dead area, it should be given to the nearest player who got it into this situation. A dead area of a table soccer is the one where none of the figures can physically access it.

Rule 9:

Football table players are allowed to ask for timeouts. Each timeout lasts for thirty seconds and during this period, any movement is prohibited. If a player asks for too many timeouts, they will be penalized.

Rule 10:

After every timeout, the starting player must confirm if the opponent is ready.

Rule 11:

It’s a foul for a player to rotate the handles at an angle of more than 360 degrees. This is a universal rule.

Rule 12:

Activities such as lifting the table or shaking it during gameplay will result in a foul.

result in a foul

Rule 13:

If a referee is present, they can hand out yellow cards to other types of fouls such as distracting the other player during gameplay. This is what we call baby foot behavior and it’s forbidden. If you get two yellow cards in a row, your opponent will be awarded a goal.

Rule 14:

In a tournament, players are required to switch sides after every game.

Rule 15:

Should the ball fly off the table, it is handed over to your opponent.

Rule 16:

You should never put your hand inside the soccer table. Touching table football balls can result in a penalty.

Rule 17:

These table football rules are pretty simple. And the more you play this game, the more familiar these rules will become. Some rules may differ depending on the location and nature of the tournament.

football table dimensions size folding

Table Football Tables

Even though foosball has its roots in the UK. This sport is popular all over the world. Like all sports, football table rules differ depending on the location. This doesn’t only apply to the rules but also to the football table dimensions, design and football table folding. There are five main table football table that are recognized by the International Table Soccer Federation which include;


It’s the American version of the foosball table. This table design was borrowed from the European version but was tweaked to promote speed and ball control. The figures have cross-hatched toes which allow them to shoot from the side.


They are the only table manufacturers in the Czech Republic. The Rosengart design has been innovated to suit players’ demands. So it’s a bit similar to the Tornado in terms of ball control and speed.


This is the French design of the football table and it guarantees premium gameplay. The playing field is grippier and the rods have a telescope design which makes them safer.

table football table balls


No one loves table soccer more than the Germans. In these tables, you will find a rough playing surface to make the game more challenging. The figures are made out of plastic.

Garlando and Roberto Sport

Italians have taken the foosball design to a whole new level. By borrowing concepts from Americans and Europeans, Italian-style table football is designed to be fast and gives more control to the players.

To emphasize what we mentioned earlier, other countries apart from these five also have their own unique tables. In Spain, they have a unique table that’s designed to promote possession and ball control. Therefore, don’t be shocked when you visit Thailand or Croatia and find a completely different football table design.

Table Football Balls

It’s funny that many foosball enthusiasts aren’t even aware of the different types of table football balls. Most players assume that all football table balls are the same. However, they come in various sizes, designs, materials, and weights. Certain balls are best suited for particular tables and the one you settle for can significantly affect your gameplay. For instance, cork balls play best on French tables.

game inventory

Regular balls for foosball tend to be smooth and made out of hard nylon. We also have white and black balls that are smaller and a bit textured. These are designed for leisure play and kids. On the other end of the spectrum, there are high-control balls that have a rougher texture and are bigger. These are for serious players because they offer more ball control and grip.

In a foosball competition, the best balls to use are the ITSF proplay. Because they are textured and light enough to facilitate faster gameplay. But these balls are usually more expensive. Apart from these designs, we also have balls that are designed to be noiseless. This feature is quite practical for folding football tables designed for home use. So, with a little research, you can identify the best balls for table soccer.


So, table soccer and football shares a lot of similarities. This is why most of the rules in foosball apply to a traditional football field. The only difference is that the football table size is smaller. Therefore, there are some slight amendments. The good news is that these rules are easy to memorize and you will learn more about them as you play.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

Football vs basketball or other sports crypto betting sites in Africa have grown in number because of the rising popularity of virtual currency. Every day, thousands of people are betting on cryptocurrency because it’s faster, cheaper, and more convenient than traditional forms of payment. But there are many betting sites to choose from, so it’s important to know what to look for before deciding where to place your wager. Here are six steps you should take to find the best crypto betting sites in Africa — or anywhere else on the planet.

Why is it important to research and assess the reputation of a crypto betting site before choosing one?

Researching and assessing the reputation of a crypto betting site is crucial because it allows you to gain insights into the platform’s reliability, customer service, payout speed, and overall user experience. This helps you make an informed decision and ensures a secure and enjoyable online betting experience.

What should I look for in terms of licensing and regulation when choosing a crypto betting site in Africa?

When choosing a crypto betting site, it is important to ensure that the platform holds a valid license from a reputable regulatory authority.

What security measures should I consider when selecting a crypto betting site?

It is essential to consider the security measures implemented by a crypto betting site to safeguard your funds and personal information. Look for features such as two-factor authentication, SSL encryption, and the use of cold storage wallets to enhance the platform’s security.

Which cryptocurrencies are commonly supported by crypto betting sites in Africa?

Crypto betting sites in Africa commonly support cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Litecoin (LTC), and Ripple (XRP). However, the availability of cryptocurrencies may vary from one platform to another, so it’s important to choose a site that offers the cryptocurrencies you prefer to use.

Why is the variety of betting options important when selecting a crypto betting site?

The variety of betting options is important because it determines the range of sports, casino games, and other betting opportunities available on the platform. A diverse selection allows you to engage in different types of bets and caters to your specific interests and preferences.

How to choose the best crypto betting sites?

Betting market variety

Bitcoin is a brand-new currency, which means that online sportsbooks and casinos have just begun accepting it as a form of payment. When you’re looking at which gambling site offers cryptocurrency, check its selection of altcoins — especially Bitcoin Cash, Ether, Litecoin, and Ripple — because they’re becoming more common every day.

best crypto sports betting sites

In fact, many online sportsbooks and casinos offer bets in all four cryptocurrencies because they know so many people prefer them over fiat currencies such as dollars or euros. Look for an online sportsbook or casino that accepts bitcoin and allows you to deposit funds via Ether, Litecoin, or Ripple. You’ll be surprised by how much money can be saved by taking advantage of these savings opportunities.

Bonuses and promos

Many online sportsbooks and casinos give new players a welcome bonus when they make their first deposit. For example, you might receive a 100 percent match on your initial deposit or free play money for use on select games. But crypto bonuses vary from sportsbook to sportsbook. For example, some bitcoin casinos offer lower-than-average bonuses because cryptocurrency deposits have associated fees. So, if you’re looking for the best crypto gambling sites, it’s a good idea to read about the benefits and drawbacks of each one.

Some sports betting crypto sites don’t offer any type of promotional program, while others will reward you handsomely. There are even a few bet with crypto sites that allow you to bet on esports competitions and video game tournaments. Whatever type of sports bettor you are, there’s something out there for everyone.

best crypto gambling sites

Banking methods

When choosing crypto gambling sites, you must find out what type of banking methods are available. This can be just as important as selecting a site that accepts your preferred cryptocurrency. For example, a sportsbook or casino might accept bitcoin but not offer many deposit and withdrawal options. If you want to move your money quickly, choose sports betting crypto site that offers several different ways to complete transactions.

The best crypto sports betting sites let you fund your account with wire transfers, bank transfers, credit cards, and debit cards. That way, you’ll always have a backup method of making withdrawals in case anything goes wrong with one of the other ways to transfer money into and out of your account.

Payout times

When comparing cryptocurrency gambling sites, pay close attention to payout times. This tells you how long it takes for winnings to show up in your account. For example, some bet with crypto sites takes three days or longer, while others will process payments within a matter of minutes. While this might seem insignificant, the payout time has everything to do with convenience. And nothing matters more when it comes to convenience than speed.

When picking the best crypto gambling sites, look for one with fast payout times. This will save you lots of time and frustration because waiting weeks to collect your prize makes betting on sports less fun than it should be. And since most people bet on sports at least once per week, you should never settle for slower speeds.

cryptocurrency gambling bet with crypto

Mobile compatibility

Sports betting can take place anywhere at any time. If you want a sportsbook or casino compatible with mobile devices, do plenty of research before settling on a sports betting crypto site. Many options are available, and not every sportsbook or casino is as mobile-friendly as it should be.

Before you sign up for an account at any bitcoin sportsbook or casino, make sure you can access your information through Android and iOS operating systems apps. After all, you won’t want to lose track of your wins and losses.

Live chat support

When looking for live chat support on crypto gambling websites, don’t settle for anything less than what’s promised. There are a lot of things that can go wrong when you’re gambling online. And it’s important to know that there’s always someone available and ready to help solve problems and answer questions. It pays off to pick a sportsbook or casino with 24/7 support.

Look for the best crypto betting sites with staff members who are accessible via the phone, email, and chat around the clock. Sports betting crypto sites without round-the-clock support may not be worth your business.

Good betting features and resources

When comparing cryptocurrency gambling, look for a sportsbook or casino that offers everything you need. The more betting features and resources a sportsbook or casino offers, the easier it will be for you to place winning bets on sports and win big. Don’t settle for a sportsbook or casino with a limited number of deposit options or faulty software. You should always make sure that every aspect of your online experience is high quality from start to finish.

sports betting crypto sites


When looking for a crypto gambling site, it pays off to learn more about its reputation. If you have family members or friends who like to place bets online, ask them if they’ve heard of any cryptocurrency-friendly sportsbooks or casinos. Whether you’re asking around on social media or talking with friends in person, don’t hesitate to contact people you know when it comes time to research your options.

Final Word

Finding the best crypto sports betting sites isn’t easy. They vary greatly based on market variety, banking methods, bonuses and promos, customer service, and many other factors. As such, choosing which sports betting crypto site is better depends on the individual user’s needs. You should never settle for a sportsbook or casino that doesn’t offer all of what you need. There are plenty of options available, and as such, you shouldn’t feel forced into settling for less than what meets your standards.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

Powerball football is a special and unique sport that provides chances or opportunities for individuals with high impairment levels to enjoy playing soccer. The sport only allows active team participation in the competitions for individuals using a powered wheelchair. It’s the best soccer game you can enjoy when having any disability. Nevertheless, it’ll be wise to understand the rules of this game to enjoy your gaming or playing time. Read through this article to get an insight into all the powerchair football rules.

Do you have to be disabled to play wheelchair football?

Power chair football is an existing and unique sport providing individuals with high levels of impairment chances to enjoy soccer. The wheelchair football league rules only allow individuals to use a wheelchair for mobility. Thus, you’ll only play wheel chair football when you have a limitation or impairment.

What are the rules of wheelchair football?

The power wheelchair football authorities have various rules for a football player in wheelchair to adhere to. The most specific rules are the game allows only one from each team three meters within the ball and only two players to defend the ball in the goal area. When gaming, the rules stipulate that you use the wheelchair guard to block or kick the ball.

Is wheelchair football a sport?

Powerchair football is one of the most exciting and fast-paced sports for athletes with different disabilities and limitations. The game involves following the appropriate rules to play soccer on a court using a power wheelchair. The wheelchair football association is also pushing for a Powerchair football league.

Can you Play NFL in a wheelchair?

Many individuals think that disabilities or moving limitations can hinder you from participating in soccer games. You can play these games but in a powered wheelchair. Furthermore, the football association has pushed for a wheelchair football league, allowing individuals with disabilities to play NFL in a wheelchair.

Can you play football with a disability?

Having a disability can’t hinder you from playing football. Powerchair soccer is a unique and fast-paced sport that allows you to enjoy playing power wheelchair soccer in a powered wheelchair. Remember, you can only participate and enjoy this game using electric or powered wheelchairs.

Who Can Play Wheelchair Football?

It’s a unique and enjoyable sport for individuals with various limited movements or using a powered wheelchair. The unique nature of this sport is that the powerchair football rules allow individuals with different disabilities, ages, or gender to participate in this competitive sport. Nevertheless, the sport limits those eligible to play in the sport to only individuals using an electric wheelchair for mobility. 

The wheelchair football association (TheWFA) will only allow you to participate in sporting activities when having the following conditions: spinal cord injury, stroke, muscular dystrophy, quadriplegia, cerebral palsy, or multiple sclerosis. Before qualifying for the sport, you have to pass the bench test, which the authorities use to check the athletes’ muscle strength, movements, and operations on the powerchair.

After the bench test, the authorities classify the eligible athletes into two classes. The first one represents individuals with a high physical difficulty level that may affect their performance. When classifying the athlete in this group, the authorities consider reflex activity, head control, postural control, fine motor control, and driving skills.

football player in wheelchair football association league

Powerchair Football Rules 

You have to understand the wheelchair football rules to enjoy playing this game. This sporting activity has numerous rules resembling the usual football ones. However, the wheelchair football league provides additional distinct rules for the power football game. Below are the main powerchair football rules to understand before playing the game:

  • All plays participate in the game in wheelchairs
  • Players must ensure that the wheelchair has four or more wheels, a foot guard, and a lap belt
  • You can use the wheelchair’s foot guard to block or kicks the oversized soccer ball
  • The organizers will only count a goal when you enter the ball in the opponent’s goal post or area, and the team scoring the most goals will be the winner.
  • When playing, each team will have four players, including the goalkeeper
  • Wheelchair football has a 40-minute game time, with two- 20 minutes halves and a half-time break of 10 minutes.
power wheel chair football

This sport has various distinguishing rules during the playing time from the able-bodied soccer. These specific wheelchair soccer rules include:

● Two-on-one rules – it’s a rule that only allows one player from a different team to be within three meters from the ball on the playing court. Thus, the other teammates must spread through the field to allow a better game flow.

● 3-in-the-goal area rule- the wheelchair football rules only allow two players from the defending team to defend the ball in their goal area.

● Penalty rule – when you infarct any of the rules, the referee may award a penalty to the opponents. The referees can award a kick-in or free-kick to the teams, unlike the able-bodied football, where weé got throw-ins.

● The rules allow tackling as long as the tackles are within the playing attachment, as the rules prohibit contact with the different parts of the chair.

power wheelchair powerchair football rules and equipment

Wheelchair Soccer Equipment 

Soccer equipment is essential to enhance the gaming experience and win the match. When playing wheelchair football, it’ll be wise to consider various essential tools to alleviate your experience and enjoyment. Below is the key powerchair football equipment:

  • Have a powered wheelchair having four or more wheels, a foot guard, and a lap belt.
  • Playing courts, equivalent to a basketball court, measuring 20 * 13 meters
  • Goalposts measure eight meters wide and have two cones on the corners of your court to indicate the distance.
  • A soccer ball, approximately 33 cm or inches in circumference
power wheelchair powerchair soccer rules and equipment


Wheelchair football is a fast-paced and unique sport allowing individuals with different limitations to play soccer on the power wheelchairs. However, you need to follow the powerchair football rules to enjoy your game. Before starting the game, it’ll be wise to master defending, scoring, kicking, and possession rules to enjoy playing this game with your opponents. Apart from the disability eligibility, it’d help if you mastered speed controlling, precisions acceleration, and wheelchair controlling skills to enjoy the gaming experience.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

According to the rules, if you do not begin your football game with a brief warm up or football stretches, you are doing it completely incorrectly. Football warm up exercises are vital for preparing your body to withstand the game’s stresses and reduce the likelihood of injury. According to the manufacturer, it reduces muscle tension and increases bodily flexibility while also enhancing your speed and agility. Before starting a game, it is vital to engage in at least 10 minutes of stretches in order to guarantee that your body temperature and blood flow are properly controlled.

Why are warm-up exercises important before playing football?

They help prepare your body physically and mentally for the demands of the sport. They increase blood flow, warm up muscles, improve flexibility, and reduce the risk of injuries.

What are some dynamic stretching exercises that can be included in a football warm-up?

Some examples include leg swings, walking lunges, high knees, butt kicks, and arm circles. These exercises help increase joint mobility, improve range of motion, and activate the muscles used in football.

How can agility ladder drills be incorporated into a football warm-up routine?

It can be incorporated to improve footwork, coordination, and agility. Exercises such as ladder hops, lateral quick feet, and in-and-out drills can be performed to enhance speed and agility on the field.

Are there any specific exercises to activate the core muscles during a football warm-up?

Yes, there are. Planks, side planks, bird dogs, and mountain climbers are effective for engaging the core muscles and improving stability and balance.

Should cardiovascular exercises be included in a football warm-up?

It is beneficial. Jogging or brisk walking for a few minutes can elevate heart rate, increase blood flow, and raise body temperature, preparing the cardiovascular system for the demands of the game.

Importance of warm up

The warm up period is an important element of any game. The quality of your warm up has a significant impact on your overall performance. Football is a physically demanding sport in which you must perform at your optimum for a whole 90-minute period. In order to do this, you must perform a thorough warm up of each and every muscle in your body. Football warm up exercises help to prepare yourself for the game by putting you in the correct frame of mind.

Pre-match Football Warm up Exercises

It is recommended that you begin your football warm up exercises without ball as well as football pre match warm up roughly 25-30 minutes before the game begins. The goal of this warm up is to raise the temperature of your muscles and core.

dynamic soccer warm up exercises warm ups


Jogging is the most effective strategy to elevate the body’s temperature gradually and heart rate. Begin with jogging at a modest pace, then raise it to 34 the speed of your running. Run for approximately 10 minutes, by which time you should be breaking out in a mild sweat. Once the body temperature has been elevated, the next stage is to begin stretching the muscles and joints.


The stretching is quite vital for maintaining agility and stability in the game, and once you have finished jogging, you will be able to stretch more effectively afterward. Stretching may be divided into two categories: dynamic stretching, but also static stretching. Dynamic stretching is recommended over static stretching, although a mix of the two would be extremely beneficial for the football players overall health and performance. Soccer warm up exercises dynamic soccer warm up is a key factor for overall good results.

football pre match warm up

Static Stretching

Static stretching is essentially the same as playing football, and only it includes replicating all the actions you would make when playing football in the same location. Squatting, heading, leaping, and high kicking are examples of activities you can execute. Soccer warm ups also help in technics that boost performance.

Dynamic Stretching

Exercises that involve movement are referred to as dynamic stretching. The pace and intensity of your motions should be gradually increased during this stretching session. The activities you must undertake to benefit from dynamic stretching are listed below.

Butt Kicks

It is necessary to do precisely what the name implies, which is to jog slowly while pounding your rear end. As an alternative, you can keep your hands at the rear of your body and kick with your hands.


In order to do this exercise, you must extend your arms straight in front of you then kick with a firm leg, as if you were kicking the palm of the hand opposite to your leg. Begin at your goal line and alternate kicking with both legs until you reach the 18-yard line when you should stop.

football stretches

High knees/knee hugs

For this workout, you must jump and get your knees as near to your chest as you possibly can to your chest. Before each jump, move a few steps backward. Commence jumping at the goal line and continue till the 18-yard line.

Front to Back Leg Swing

You must stand on one leg as well as swing the other leg back and forth for several seconds in order to do this exercise successfully. It is necessary to maintain the stiffness of the leg while swinging forward and following the motion of a pendulum. Alternate between performing this workout with both legs.

Closed Knees

This workout focuses on stretching the hip muscles, which you can find here. Lift your leg and bend your knee to a 90-degree angle, and afterward, bring the leg back into the starting position. Repeat the same procedure with the other leg as well, if necessary. While carrying out this workout, walk to the 18-yard line and back again.

Open Knees

Closed knees are a similar workout to this one. However, as you bend the knee to 90 degrees, you should swing it out instead rather than bringing the leg back in. Closed knees are performed in the same manner.

football warm up exercises without ball


Maintain a tiny gap between your feet and your hips while you stand. With your toes pointing outwards by 5-20 degrees, and your shoulders relaxed, you should be able to do this position. Straightening your back and bending your legs to descend down, while keeping your gaze straight ahead, Take care to ensure that your weight is distributed evenly between your heels and your toes.

Ankle Twists

Despite the fact that it is a relatively minor exercise, it is quite significant. It entails rotating your ankles in both the clockwise as well as anticlockwise directions. If you are seated, you can complete the exercise with both of your ankles; if you are standing, you should perform the activity with your alternative ankle.


While you’ll be eager to hit the showers after slugging it out for 90 minutes, it’s definitely necessary to take a few minutes to do football warm up exercises before heading into the showers. After you’ve finished playing football, you should spend around 10 minutes warming up to lessen the likelihood of injury. 

Reduce the intensity of your cardiac workout and stretch all of the body regions that were engaged while playing, including your hamstrings, calves, gluteus maximus, and thighs. In order to do this, static stretching should be performed for at least 30 seconds. Unless you feel resistance but not discomfort in the muscle being stretched. If you experience any discomfort, stop!

Posted in Football guide for beginners

In recent years, cycling football (radball) has massively gained popularity as one of the most common indoor games in Europe. Not only is it an exciting sport to watch, but it also comes with huge benefits for betting enthusiasts. Soccer with bikes involves two teams playing football while riding a bicycle across the basketball field, aiming to score more goals. If you’re looking for the proper guide on cycling football, then you’re in the right place. This article provides a complete insight into bicycle football, including cycle ball rules and strategy tips. In the next article you will find the basic rules of futsal.

What is cycle ball?

Cycle ball is a unique sport that combines elements of cycling and soccer, played on bicycles on an indoor court

How many players are on each team in cycle ball?

Each team consists of two players.

How long does a cycle ball match typically last?

A cycle ball match consists of two halves, with each half lasting 7-10 minutes.

What is the objective of cycle ball?

The objective of cycle ball is to score goals by hitting the ball into the opponent’s goal using only the wheels of the bicycle.

Can players use their hands or feet to play the ball in cycle ball?

No, players cannot use their hands or feet to play the ball in cycle ball. They can only use their wheels, bike frame, and their bodies to control and strike the ball.

Cycle Ball Rules 

Bike football is an indoor football game that involves two players, one acting as a field player and goalkeeper. It’ll be important to understand the rules governing the play when looking to enjoy the sport. Below are the cycle ball rules you need to consider when gaming. If you are interested, you can also learn how to play football for beginners.

Bicycle in football

1. Duration and playing field

Before playing the game, it’s important to understand the playing ground dimension and the play duration. A standard match consists of two halves with seven minutes each playing time. After the first half, you’ll get two minutes to refresh. In addition, it’s important to understand that you’ll need to play within the confined cycle-ball court. The approximate size of the court should be 14*11 meters and with a slanted 30cm tall board.

2. Starting the match 

Before the game starts, the referee will toss a coin to determine the team starting the play. If you win the toss, the referee will allow you to start the game’s first half while the opponent starts the game in the second half. After the referee blows the whistle, you can start the play by using your bike’s rear or front wheel to strike the ball on the center point. 

Cycle ball rules and three players

3. Riding the soccer bicycle

When having your bicycle in football, it’s very important to consider how you ride it when playing the game. The cycle ball rules prohibit using the hands or feet to handle the ball while playing bike football. You can only use your hands and feet when handling the handles, bars, and pedals. Additionally, the rules allow you to use headers while on the bike, where you can score by hitting the ball using your head. 

While on the bike, it’s important to avoid leaning on the ball, goal post, or floor as it leads to disqualification. In addition, while the game proceeds, you can use your hands off the handlebar if you’re a goalkeeper. Lastly, rules also simultaneously prohibit two players from the same team in the penalty area.

4. Illegal acts or play

When playing the game, players can sometimes go against the rules. Nonetheless, it’s imperative to understand that the rules prohibit certain behaviors or acts from the players. For example, as players, you shouldn’t purposely push or grasp your opponent, shout or play dangerously to your opponents.

Soccer bicycle football rules

5. Free kicks 

The rules allow the referee to provide a free kick when a player has committed an offense outside their penalty area. After the referee provides the foul against your team, you should move a least 4 meters from the offense area. You can only move towards the ball after the opponents have served it or the referee whistles.

6. Penalty kicks

When playing, the referee will award a penalty if you commit serious offenses inside the penalty area. The referee can also award the penalty if a player uses serious faults like pulling the opponents to stop scoring. Lastly, stopping your opponent from taking a goal kick can also lead to a penalty. When taking the penalty kick, you have to strike the ball directly without bluffing it towards the goal.

Cycle Football Strategy Tips

Whether you’re an expert or beginner in indoor bike football, there are certain strategic tips you need to consider to get the best results or score more goals. Let’s look at the soccer with bikes strategy tips.

Soccer with bikes cycle ball rules
HONG KONG – AUGUST 17: Dominik Planzer (L) of Switzerland and Yosuke Fujita of Japan fight for the ball during the UCI Cycle-Ball World Cup on August 17, 2013 at the Chai Wan Sports Centre in Hong Kong, China. (Photo by Victor Fraile/Getty Images)

1. Choose a proper seat height 

While gaming, the height of your soccer bicycle is very important to determine the results you get from the game. Importantly, when playing, you need to set your bike appropriately by ensuring that your knee bends at 90 degrees and the thigh is parallel to the floor. Lastly, ensure that your hip joints align to the seat to achieve top results while gaming. 

2. Check the posture of your legs

Apart from adjusting the seat, it’ll be imperative to check the angle of your legs to ensure you get the appropriate position while gaming. It’ll be important to slide or slip your feet into the bicycle’s pedal when preparing for your game. An appropriate posture of your legs will be an important factor to allow you to pedal safely and efficiently while having your game. It increases the potential of scoring more goals. 

Three cycling bike football players

3. Keep your chest up and back flat while gaming

When gaming, you need the correct posture to increase your effectiveness and ability to score more goals. Experts advise that you should have your chest up and back flat when playing the game. This posture helps you to keep your eyes up and face the opponents or the ball. Having your eyes set on the ball will help you avoid colliding with your opponent or missing the target. 

4. Check on the weight back and the handlebars

Most beginners to soccer find it hard to balance their weight on the bike while playing, as they tend to have too much weight on the handlebar. It’s important to understand that too much weight on the handlebars will result in giving your legs a break. Therefore, it’ll be good to keep the hips over the pedals to help maintain a loose grip on your bicycle’s bar. This position helps to reduce the unnecessary weight to the shoulders or wrists to help you avoid injuries while gaming.

Cycle Ball Rules – Conclusion 

Cycle ball is one of the most growing indoor football worldwide, with organizers planning annual championships in most European states. It’s an exciting game for all the players to enjoy despite their level of expertise. Despite being similar to regular football, these sporting activities have some unique radball rules you’ll need to understand. Understanding the basic cycle ball rules and strategic tips will be essential to enhance your gaming experience and achieve more success. 

Posted in Football guide for beginners

Football is one of the popular games loved by many. Most people are familiar with the normal football matches, how they are conducted and the rules guiding the game. Since it is a fun game, everyone can participate regardless of their body abilities and disabilities. Virtually impaired or partially sighted football is a special type of football for athletes with visual impairments. Blind football rules and regulations are different from those we are used to. So, in this article, we will discuss rules and regulations for blind football.

❓ How many players are in blind football?

In this game there are two teams. No more than 5 players play in each team.

❓ How long does a 1 blind football match last?

One full match has two halves of 20 or 25 minutes, with a halftime break of ten minutes.

❓ What are the dimensions of a blind football field?

The international field dimension is 38 to 42 meters by 18 to 22 meters.

❓ What makes an exclusive blind soccer ball?

A blind football ball has to make a sound that helps players catch where that ball is.

❓ What is blind football?

Blind football, also known as goalball, is a Paralympic sport designed for visually impaired athletes.

In addition to blind football, you can also learn to play regular soccer, soccer tennis and futsal.

Number of players

A match consists of two teams, each with five players. Four of the players must be blind category B1. The goalkeeper may be partially or fully sighted categorized as B2OR B3. A guide is also included. A full team squad is composed of a maximum of fifteen members. They include one head coach, one assistant coach, eight out-field players, one guide, two goalkeepers, one physiotherapist, and a doctor. In case a team needs a translator, one coach translator may be authorized. But he or she is not part of the official squad.

How to play blind football?


Firstly, one full match has two halves of 20 or 25 minutes, with a halftime break of ten minutes. Either team can call a one-minute time-out in each half. All out-field players put on blackout eyeshades and shin guards to ensure the game is fair and equal. The goalkeeper must stay in their area throughout the match but can talk to the out-field players to give instruction.

Three players in the game

The coach

Secondly, the coaches in each team are fully sited. And their area is behind the opponent team’s goal and on the halfway line. This arrangement ensures the coach behind the goal can instruct the forward players while the assistant coach on the sideline directs the midfielders. The goalkeeper is tasked with organizing the defense.

Field dimension

The international field dimension is 38 to 42 meters by 18 to 22 meters. The playing pitch can be grass, cement, or artificial turf. Rebound panels are used to surround the pitch, where they are designed to create an acoustic echo. The echo helps the players to locate each other and their positions by clicking fingers and when the ball is going out and in of play.

Sound device

Firstly, one of the rules for blind football requires the ball to have a sound device for players to hear it and locate where the ball is or where it is spinning towards. Blind football has no off-sides or throw-ins rule. Thence the game has few interruptions and is very fast. The ball is considered to go out of play if it hits the ceiling of an indoor pitch or over the kickboards.

Penalty kick

During a penalty kick, the attacking coach taps both the crossbar and the vertical posts for the player to process the sound and know where to place the ball. When the match is on or during penalties, the fans maintain silence to enable players to hear when the coach is talking to them and hear the ball as it moves.

‘go’ or ‘voy’

Blind football rules require the players to shout the ‘go’ or ‘voy’ before making a tackle to notify the player with the ball of the tackle’s direction. That prepares the player to counter the tackle and be alert in case of any contact.

Substitution procedure

Rules for blind football stipulate that players may use substitutes in any match under the aegis of IBSA or national member association and the rules of an official competition.

Six substitutions can be made in each half for every team. The number of substitutions made does not affect the first or second half substitution numbers at halftime. Substituted players can return to the field to replace another player.

Under the B1 category of players, only four substitutes of out-field players and one goalkeeper. So, if the two goalkeepers have been injured, and the match doctor confirms their injuries, any team official is allowed to act as a goalkeeper. The official must not be a B1 player. In case the match was a national one, the official replacing the goalkeeper must be of the same nationality as the team to be allowed as a substitute.

Blind football rules follow the following conditions to make a substitute, and substitutions are only made when the ball is out of play.

two players - rules for (of) blind football

Blind football rules and regulations

  • The play shall be stopped to allow for substitution.
  • Over the public address, the substitution is announced, indicating the number of players going out of the field players and the number of players going in the field.
  • Substituted players must leave the field using his or her team’s substitution area or the main substitution door.
  • Players coming into the field of play must do it from the main substitution door or in the team’s area or substitution. The player will only enter the field if going out of the pitch has passed the touchline, and the referee has been granted permission to enter the field.
  • The substitute is under the authority of the referee whether called out to play or not.
  • A substitution is declared complete when the replacement enters the field and becomes active in the field, and the player who went out of the field stops to be an active player.

If by any chance a substitute enters the field while the ball is in play;

  • Firstly, the play is stopped.
  • Secondly, the substitute is given a yellow card, warned, and compelled to leave the pitch.
  • The play is then restarted by the opposite team. Taking an indirect free kick from the point where the person placed the ball before the game was stopped.

 Scoring method

 Scored goals

Rules of blind football recognize a legitimate goal as if the ball goes past the line, under the crossbar, and inside the goal. The goal will stand provided the ball was not thrown, carried, or intentionally moved by the arm or hand of the attacking team, including the goalkeeper, and the scoring team has not infringed any rules of the game leading to the goal.

Winning team

The team with the most scored goals in a match wins the game. So, if both teams do not store or have scored an equal number of goals in a match, the match is drawn.

two teams - blind football rules and regulations - how to play blind football

Competition regulations

Competition regulations may come up with other ways to determine the winner for drawn matches.

Blind football games, like any other game, follow some rules and regulations to make the game playable. So, if you wondered how visually players might carry out an impaired football match, the article enlightens you about the rules of blind football that guides the game. More about blind football you will find in the page of blind football asociation.

Posted in Football guide for beginners

In a previous article, we discussed the rules of football. Now is the time to learn soccer tennis. Soccer Tennis Rules are the set of guidelines that govern soccer. They include all aspects of how to play football tennis, from how to score a goal to what constitutes an unfair penalty kick. Soccer is played on a field divided into two halves by a line called the “goal-line.”

What is soccer tennis?

Soccer tennis is a game that combines elements of soccer and tennis, played on a smaller court with a lower net.

How many players are typically on a soccer tennis team?

It is commonly played in pairs, so there are usually two players on each team.

What is the objective of soccer tennis?

The objective of soccer tennis is to keep the ball in play using soccer skills and teamwork, and to score points by getting the ball to touch the ground within the opponent’s court.

What equipment is required to play soccer tennis?

To play soccer tennis, you need a soccer ball and a tennis court or a smaller designated area with a lower net.

Are there any specific rules for serving in soccer tennis?

In soccer tennis, the ball is typically served by one team to the other, similar to a tennis serve, but there are no strict guidelines on how the serve should be performed.

Soccer tennis rules (football tennis rules)

In soccer tennis, the ball must be kicked or thrown through one of these lines for it to count as a valid shot; otherwise, it’s considered out of bounds. A player can only use his hands when he has possession of the ball (i. e., while holding onto it with both feet). If you’re not sure whether your team should pass or shoot at any given moment, consult the referee before making a decision.

Dimensions of a football-tennis court

20 basic regulations of the game

Rule 1:

The game begins with each side taking turns kicking the ball around until they get tired. When this happens, players take their positions along the sidelines according to where they want to receive the next pass. Players may also run upfield if there isn’t enough space between them and the opposing team. Once everyone is ready, the coach gives the signal to begin playing.

4 players

Rule 2:

The first person who touches the ball after receiving it from another player scores a point. This rule applies even if the other player was fouled during the act of scoring. For example, if a defender kicks the ball away from him but then accidentally hits someone else, the attacker still gets credit for the goal because he touched the ball last. However, if the defender tried to stop the attack, he would have lost the point.

Rule 3:

One of the most observed soccer tennis rules pertains to the handling of the ball by the goalkeeper. If a goalkeeper catches the ball outside the area marked off by the goalposts, he automatically loses control of it. He cannot touch the ball again unless he recovers it inside the box. In addition, he will lose three points for every minute he spends without touching the ball.

Rule 4:

A player whose foot makes contact with the ground behind the goal-line loses control of the ball and commits a foul. As soon as the offending player regains control of the ball, the defending team receives a free-kick. Free kicks are awarded whenever a player commits a foul within ten yards of either end zone. These penalties usually result in goals scored directly from the spot.

Soccer tennis payers - how to play soccer football tennis
German national soccer players Christoph Kramer, from left, Thomas Mueller, Mesut Ozil, Jerome Boateng and Sami Khedira play soccer tennis during a training session in Santo Andre near Porto Seguro, Brazil, Thursday, July 10, 2014. Germany faces Argentina on upcoming Sunday in Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, in the final of the World Cup. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)

How to play soccer tennis rule 5:

When a player dribbles the ball past several opponents, he earns himself a corner kick. Corner kicks occur when a player passes the ball over an opponent’s head and beyond the reach of defenders. After being taken, the ball becomes dead and no longer counts against the attacking team. It is now possible for the defense to advance the ball toward its own goal.

Rule 6:

When a player takes more than five steps with the ball, he gains possession of it. At this time, the ball belongs exclusively to the player who took it. To regain possession, the original owner must throw the ball back across the centerline. Otherwise, the new possessor keeps hold of the ball indefinitely.

Football tennis game rule 7:

Players may not step on the ball except when passing it. Doing is a breach of the soccer tennis rules and results in a direct free kick. An indirect kick is awarded instead if the offender deliberately tries to injure an opponent.

Ball, net and the grass

Rule 8:

To prevent injuries caused by careless handling of the ball, players must wear protective equipment such as shin guards, elbow pads, mouthguards, and helmets. All players must wear shorts, socks, shoes, and shirts made of synthetic material. Goalkeepers must wear special per match.

Rule 9:

To ensure fair competition in a football tennis game, coaches are prohibited from coaching their own players.

Rule 10:

All players must keep their heads upright throughout the match. Shoulders must remain down and elbows tucked close to the body. No part of the arm or hand may extend above shoulder height.

Rule 11:

Players may use their arms to push themselves up out of bounds or to protect themselves from injury. If they do so intentionally, however, they commit a penalty.

Huge football tennis court

Soccer tennis game rule 12:

No player may make unnecessary physical contact with his opponent. A player who does so incurs a yellow card and a subsequent red card as dictated by football tennis rules. When a player is cautioned, he remains in play until the next whistle blows. Suspensions are imposed immediately upon receipt of the second caution.

Rule 13:

Penalty shots are awarded after each goal is scored during extra time. A penalty shot occurs when a player shoots the ball into the net without having touched it first. In addition, the goalkeeper cannot touch the ball before shooting. He may attempt to stop the ball but must wait until the last moment before releasing it.

Rule 14:

The game ends when one side scores three goals or more. This score entitles the winner to claim victory. However, if neither team reaches this total, then the final score will determine which team won.

Kids play - soccer tennis rules

Rule 15:

If a tie exists between two teams, the result goes to sudden death overtime. Each team receives four minutes to score once. If either team fails to score within those four minutes, the other wins automatically.

Rule 16:

Each team also gets one additional minute to score. Additional minutes could range anywhere from 30 seconds to 90 seconds, depending on how long the stoppages were. During this period, the clock stops whenever there is a stoppage in play. Once again, the winning team claims victory.

Rule 17:

After the end of regular play, the game continues under modified conditions. Teams switch sides for every half-hour interval. Players change positions randomly. There is no limit on substitutions.

Peoples play football tennis game rules

Rule 18:

During the intermission, the umpires distribute water bottles to the players. These contain electrolytes to replace what was lost through perspiration. Players may drink freely during breaks.

Soccer tennis rule 19:

After the completion of the third quarter, the teams return to normal playing conditions. Play resumes with the same starting lineup as used previously.

Rule 20:

When the fourth quarter begins, the scoring system changes slightly. Instead of awarding points for goals, the number of corners taken is recorded. After five corners have been taken, the game ends. More about football tennis.

How to play football tennis? Video

Posted in Football guide for beginners