Category: Football guide for beginners
Football is one of the popular games loved by many. Most people are familiar with the normal football matches, how they are conducted and the rules guiding the game. Since it is a fun game, everyone can participate regardless of their body abilities and disabilities. Virtually impaired or partially sighted football is a special type of football for athletes with visual impairments. Blind football rules and regulations are different from those we are used to. So, in this article, we will discuss rules and regulations for blind football.
❓ How many players are in blind football?
In this game there are two teams. No more than 5 players play in each team.
❓ How long does a 1 blind football match last?
One full match has two halves of 20 or 25 minutes, with a halftime break of ten minutes.
❓ What are the dimensions of a blind football field?
The international field dimension is 38 to 42 meters by 18 to 22 meters.
❓ What makes an exclusive blind soccer ball?
A blind football ball has to make a sound that helps players catch where that ball is.
Number of players
A match consists of two teams, each with five players. Four of the players must be blind category B1. The goalkeeper may be partially or fully sighted categorized as B2OR B3. A guide is also included. A full team squad is composed of a maximum of fifteen members. They include one head coach, one assistant coach, eight out-field players, one guide, two goalkeepers, one physiotherapist, and a doctor. In case a team needs a translator, one coach translator may be authorized. But he or she is not part of the official squad.
How to play blind football?
Firstly, one full match has two halves of 20 or 25 minutes, with a halftime break of ten minutes. Either team can call a one-minute time-out in each half. All out-field players put on blackout eyeshades and shin guards to ensure the game is fair and equal. The goalkeeper must stay in their area throughout the match but can talk to the out-field players to give instruction.
Secondly, the coaches in each team are fully sited. And their area is behind the opponent team’s goal and on the halfway line. This arrangement ensures the coach behind the goal can instruct the forward players while the assistant coach on the sideline directs the midfielders. The goalkeeper is tasked with organizing the defense.
The international field dimension is 38 to 42 meters by 18 to 22 meters. The playing pitch can be grass, cement, or artificial turf. Rebound panels are used to surround the pitch, where they are designed to create an acoustic echo. The echo helps the players to locate each other and their positions by clicking fingers and when the ball is going out and in of play.
Firstly, one of the rules for blind football requires the ball to have a sound device for players to hear it and locate where the ball is or where it is spinning towards. Blind football has no off-sides or throw-ins rule. Thence the game has few interruptions and is very fast. The ball is considered to go out of play if it hits the ceiling of an indoor pitch or over the kickboards.
During a penalty kick, the attacking coach taps both the crossbar and the vertical posts for the player to process the sound and know where to place the ball. When the match is on or during penalties, the fans maintain silence to enable players to hear when the coach is talking to them and hear the ball as it moves.
‘go’ or ‘voy’
Blind football rules require the players to shout the ‘go’ or ‘voy’ before making a tackle to notify the player with the ball of the tackle’s direction. That prepares the player to counter the tackle and be alert in case of any contact.
Rules for blind football stipulate that players may use substitutes in any match under the aegis of IBSA or national member association and the rules of an official competition.
Six substitutions can be made in each half for every team. The number of substitutions made does not affect the first or second half substitution numbers at halftime. Substituted players can return to the field to replace another player.
Under the B1 category of players, only four substitutes of out-field players and one goalkeeper. So, if the two goalkeepers have been injured, and the match doctor confirms their injuries, any team official is allowed to act as a goalkeeper. The official must not be a B1 player. In case the match was a national one, the official replacing the goalkeeper must be of the same nationality as the team to be allowed as a substitute.
Blind football rules follow the following conditions to make a substitute, and substitutions are only made when the ball is out of play.
Blind football rules and regulations
- The play shall be stopped to allow for substitution.
- Over the public address, the substitution is announced, indicating the number of players going out of the field players and the number of players going in the field.
- Substituted players must leave the field using his or her team’s substitution area or the main substitution door.
- Players coming into the field of play must do it from the main substitution door or in the team’s area or substitution. The player will only enter the field if going out of the pitch has passed the touchline, and the referee has been granted permission to enter the field.
- The substitute is under the authority of the referee whether called out to play or not.
- A substitution is declared complete when the replacement enters the field and becomes active in the field, and the player who went out of the field stops to be an active player.
If by any chance a substitute enters the field while the ball is in play;
- Firstly, the play is stopped.
- Secondly, the substitute is given a yellow card, warned, and compelled to leave the pitch.
- The play is then restarted by the opposite team. Taking an indirect free kick from the point where the person placed the ball before the game was stopped.
Rules of blind football recognize a legitimate goal as if the ball goes past the line, under the crossbar, and inside the goal. The goal will stand provided the ball was not thrown, carried, or intentionally moved by the arm or hand of the attacking team, including the goalkeeper, and the scoring team has not infringed any rules of the game leading to the goal.
The team with the most scored goals in a match wins the game. So, if both teams do not store or have scored an equal number of goals in a match, the match is drawn.
Competition regulations may come up with other ways to determine the winner for drawn matches.
Blind football games, like any other game, follow some rules and regulations to make the game playable. So, if you wondered how visually players might carry out an impaired football match, the article enlightens you about the rules of blind football that guides the game. More about blind football you will find in the page of blind football asociation.
In a previous article, we discussed the rules of football. Now is the time to learn soccer tennis. Soccer Tennis Rules are the set of guidelines that govern soccer. They include all aspects of how to play football tennis, from how to score a goal to what constitutes an unfair penalty kick. Soccer is played on a field divided into two halves by a line called the “goal-line.”
Soccer tennis rules (football tennis rules)
In soccer tennis, the ball must be kicked or thrown through one of these lines for it to count as a valid shot; otherwise, it’s considered out of bounds. A player can only use his hands when he has possession of the ball (i. e., while holding onto it with both feet). If you’re not sure whether your team should pass or shoot at any given moment, consult the referee before making a decision.
20 basic regulations of the game
The game begins with each side taking turns kicking the ball around until they get tired. When this happens, players take their positions along the sidelines according to where they want to receive the next pass. Players may also run upfield if there isn’t enough space between them and the opposing team. Once everyone is ready, the coach gives the signal to begin playing.
The first person who touches the ball after receiving it from another player scores a point. This rule applies even if the other player was fouled during the act of scoring. For example, if a defender kicks the ball away from him but then accidentally hits someone else, the attacker still gets credit for the goal because he touched the ball last. However, if the defender tried to stop the attack, he would have lost the point.
One of the most observed soccer tennis rules pertains to the handling of the ball by the goalkeeper. If a goalkeeper catches the ball outside the area marked off by the goalposts, he automatically loses control of it. He cannot touch the ball again unless he recovers it inside the box. In addition, he will lose three points for every minute he spends without touching the ball.
A player whose foot makes contact with the ground behind the goal-line loses control of the ball and commits a foul. As soon as the offending player regains control of the ball, the defending team receives a free-kick. Free kicks are awarded whenever a player commits a foul within ten yards of either end zone. These penalties usually result in goals scored directly from the spot.
How to play soccer tennis rule 5:
When a player dribbles the ball past several opponents, he earns himself a corner kick. Corner kicks occur when a player passes the ball over an opponent’s head and beyond the reach of defenders. After being taken, the ball becomes dead and no longer counts against the attacking team. It is now possible for the defense to advance the ball toward its own goal.
When a player takes more than five steps with the ball, he gains possession of it. At this time, the ball belongs exclusively to the player who took it. To regain possession, the original owner must throw the ball back across the centerline. Otherwise, the new possessor keeps hold of the ball indefinitely.
Football tennis game rule 7:
Players may not step on the ball except when passing it. Doing is a breach of the soccer tennis rules and results in a direct free kick. An indirect kick is awarded instead if the offender deliberately tries to injure an opponent.
To prevent injuries caused by careless handling of the ball, players must wear protective equipment such as shin guards, elbow pads, mouthguards, and helmets. All players must wear shorts, socks, shoes, and shirts made of synthetic material. Goalkeepers must wear special per match.
To ensure fair competition in a football tennis game, coaches are prohibited from coaching their own players.
All players must keep their heads upright throughout the match. Shoulders must remain down and elbows tucked close to the body. No part of the arm or hand may extend above shoulder height.
Players may use their arms to push themselves up out of bounds or to protect themselves from injury. If they do so intentionally, however, they commit a penalty.
Soccer tennis game rule 12:
No player may make unnecessary physical contact with his opponent. A player who does so incurs a yellow card and a subsequent red card as dictated by football tennis rules. When a player is cautioned, he remains in play until the next whistle blows. Suspensions are imposed immediately upon receipt of the second caution.
Penalty shots are awarded after each goal is scored during extra time. A penalty shot occurs when a player shoots the ball into the net without having touched it first. In addition, the goalkeeper cannot touch the ball before shooting. He may attempt to stop the ball but must wait until the last moment before releasing it.
The game ends when one side scores three goals or more. This score entitles the winner to claim victory. However, if neither team reaches this total, then the final score will determine which team won.
If a tie exists between two teams, the result goes to sudden death overtime. Each team receives four minutes to score once. If either team fails to score within those four minutes, the other wins automatically.
Each team also gets one additional minute to score. Additional minutes could range anywhere from 30 seconds to 90 seconds, depending on how long the stoppages were. During this period, the clock stops whenever there is a stoppage in play. Once again, the winning team claims victory.
After the end of regular play, the game continues under modified conditions. Teams switch sides for every half-hour interval. Players change positions randomly. There is no limit on substitutions.
During the intermission, the umpires distribute water bottles to the players. These contain electrolytes to replace what was lost through perspiration. Players may drink freely during breaks.
Soccer tennis rule 19:
After the completion of the third quarter, the teams return to normal playing conditions. Play resumes with the same starting lineup as used previously.
When the fourth quarter begins, the scoring system changes slightly. Instead of awarding points for goals, the number of corners taken is recorded. After five corners have been taken, the game ends. More about football tennis.
How to play football tennis? Video
In a previous article, we discussed the rules of soccer tennis. Now is the time to learn futsal. Futsal is a sport that is rapidly gaining in popularity, where soccer is the main objective but with it being played on a small court with five players maximum per side. It follows all of the rules you are used to seeing when watching football games; however, there are different Futsal rules and regulations pertaining to certain aspects of the game. So, let’s start to read about futsal rules and regulations.
Futsal rules and regulations
Play is started with a kickoff, after which the team player must pass the ball backward.
The team in possession of the ball cannot make more than three consecutive passes in the opponent’s half without losing possession. Otherwise, they will be forced to forfeit possession back to their opponents. A goal can only be scored when the player has moved away from the defenders by at least 10 meters.
By futsal rules and regulations, the ball is played with the feet and not touched by the hands, unlike standard football. They do, however, use their hands to dribble and save (similar to basketball).
The court is smaller than a regular soccer pitch, measuring 40m x 20m (or 120ft x 60ft). These dimensions can vary by country and league/competition (i.e., FIFA). Lines divide the field of play which starts at the midline. Line ends at each of the sidelines, where it meets the goal line for your team’s net.
That will be an important part to remember later on when we talk about rules pertaining to attacking and defending (and penalty rules), as goalkeepers and outfield players cannot cross this line before a ball has been played with their feet or touched by another player from their team after being passed from a teammate, except in the penalty area.
Team roster and substitutions
A team can consist of 5 players maximum on the court, including the goalkeeper. Those players are allowed to be substituted as long as it is done so in a timely fashion and before play has begun again.
Substitutions must occur:
- with permission from referees
- when play has stopped
- through players coming on and off the bench through designated areas
- only when the ball is not in play
- teams cannot change goalkeeper during a stoppage or goal-kick (the exception being if their current goalkeeper sustains an injury).
Duration of a match
A football match is divided into 2 equal halves, each being 45 minutes in length.
There are no extra periods to compensate for stoppages as play will continue as scheduled as long as there are still 45 minutes left before the end of that particular half.
In the event that matches finish with teams being on equal points at full-time. There would be a need for an extra time period which consists of two 5 minute periods where the first goal scored ends the game and awards 3 points.
On a side note, though, there will not be any golden goals or shootouts if games happen to finish level on aggregate over two legs during knockout stages in competitions such as the UEFA Futsal Cup.
Foul and misconduct
A player can be sanctioned with a direct red card if their action(s) warrants it. These actions include:
- attempting to inflict physical harm on another
- spitting at or trying to hit/assault another player
- denying the opposing team goal by handling the ball (even if unintentional), thus stopping a goal from scoring
- preventing a promising attack on goal by holding, pushing, intentionally fouling an opponent
- using abusive language or gestures
- receiving two yellow cards in one game (individually without relation to each other).
A yellow card will lead to a warning and requires them to leave the field of play for 2 minutes; however, accumulating two will result in the player being forced to leave for the remainder of that game.
A direct red card will require the player to be ejected from the court completely for 4 minutes while requiring their team to play shorthanded.
Fouls and misconducts in the penalty area
You can only stop a penalty given when a handball is committed inside your opponent’s 18-yard box if the ball was headed towards the goal or struck directly at it by an opponent.
If these conditions are met, play will be stopped but restarted with a direct free kick taken by the defending team where the offense occurred instead of a penalty shot being awarded.
They will also give an indirect free-kick if one of these two conditions were not met (and there was no other foul/misconduct), in which case defenders must stand outside the penalty area while the attacking team takes a shot.
Futsal goalkeeper rules
The goalkeeper’s specific role differs slightly from what you’re used to seeing in a football game. Here we will discuss the rules and regulations relating to this role, including their rights and responsibilities, where they can touch/play the ball, and how many players (if any) can be inside their half at once.
Each team can bring one goalkeeper onto the court during play. Who must wear colors that contrast those worn by outfield players; this makes it easy for referees to spot them easily as goal-line officials (GLO’s).
They also have the power to stop/intercept/catch balls that are shot from outside the penalty area, and thrown-ins was taken by opposing players under certain conditions:
- when it is either kicked directly out of bounds by an opponent or aimed directly at the team’s own goal with no opposing player in between. ii)A goalkeeper cannot use their hands to touch a ball that has been deliberately kicked to them by a teammate inside the penalty area.
- when opposition players are within 6 yards of them, either facing forward or sideways, they can only pick up the ball with one hand and must pass/throw it back to a teammate quickly (this happens quickly, so referees don’t have time to penalize these actions).
Right of way
GLO’s & goalkeepers do not have absolute right of way, meaning outfield players can legally challenge any 50/50 balls on equal footing. That is done all over the court, even in the goalkeeper’s penalty area.
Time spent with the ball
When a goalkeeper has possession of the ball, all opposing players must be beyond an imaginary line that runs parallel to the edge of the penalty area and at least 6 yards from the player in possession.
Opponents can try to block a goal kick but cannot be within 10 yards from where it will land when kicked by the team’s keeper (i.e., if their teammates cannot receive it).
If either of these rules is broken, referees call an indirect free-kick for opponents, which is taken by whoever last touched/played the ball before it went out of bounds; this is given within 6 yards of where they stopped play.
That is the semi-oval-shaped area around a team’s own goal where its goalkeeper is allowed to touch/play the ball with their hands when it has been passed directly to them by a teammate, including during a stoppage in play.
Additionally, defenders are not allowed within 6 yards of them when this happens, and they must give way if an attacker is nearby (though they can challenge for 50/50 balls).
Here are examples of what can happen should these rules be broken:
- If the goalie touches the ball with his hands outside of this area, they cannot handle it again until someone from the opposing team does so first
- if another player touches the ball before an opponent acknowledges their presence, play is restarted with a goal kick to the opposing team
- and if an opponent challenges for it before an attacker does and wins possession of the ball, cannot challenge that player for it until they pass/throw it to another teammate
- if it enters their own goal directly from the goalie’s hands (not including deflections), opponents are awarded an indirect free-kick 6 yards outside of where this happened.
Futsal penalty rules
Penalties in futsal are taken like so;
- opposing players must stand at least 10 yards away from where the ball will be placed when kicked
- kicks are not allowed to go above head height,
- all players except the kicker and goalkeeper must remain outside of the penalty area (including the 3-meter line)
- they cannot play the ball until a player from each side and has touched it
- the kicker must wait for the referee’s whistle before kicking.
Referees are also charged with making sure any players who attempt to deceive them are punished accordingly; they have the power to issue yellow cards, red cards, or even stop play if they feel what is taking place isn’t being dealt with adequately.
Futsal rules and regulations – conclusion
Futsal is one of the most popular indoor sports today, with many professional soccer clubs operating their teams in major cities throughout Europe. The International Futsal Association oversees all futsal games at an international level, while federations do so at a national level. “FIFA-sanctioned tournaments occur every year across the globe for both men and women. It is an exciting, fast-paced game that demands skill, quickness of thought, and a high degree of athleticism from its participants.”
In a previous article, we discussed the rules of futsal. Now is the time to learn football. Football is by far the most recognized sport worldwide. Though among the oldest, many people around the world consider football a unifying sport. Football Rules and regulations (Soccer rules) play a significant role in maintaining the sentimental value embedded in football. So, what are these rules and regulations?
Football Rules and Regulations (Soccer rules)
Football has major leagues such as the European cup of nations, the African cup of nations Copa America, and the World Cup – the largest. Basic football rules and regulations are constant in any league, whether big or small.
Universally, there are 17 recognized rules of a football game. When playing on a small scale, there are situations where basic rules of football can come in handy to make the game more fun and interesting. Below is an outline of the simplified rules of a football game.
- Firstly, all players except the goalkeeper must use their feet, chest, head, or other body parts except their arms and hands. The goalkeeper is exempted from this restriction but with an exception. He can touch the ball in their goal area only.
- The game must have two teams which should constitute ten active members and a goalkeeper on each side.
- The match has to be played in two halves, with each half running for 45 minutes at maximum.
- The game can only be controlled by three people, i.e., a referee and three linesmen. Their role is to maintain rules and order. Depending on how a rule has been broken, they can award penalties and free-kick or expel a player from the game.
- A coin toss usually determines how the game should start, i.e., which team should take the first kick. Also, tossing a coin determines which team defends which goal post.
The 17 Rules of Football Game
Now that you know the basic rules of the football game, you’ll realize that starting a game with your friends isn’t that difficult. If you’re passionate about football and might perhaps one day play in the major leagues, you must know the soccer rules below.
The ball must be made of standard and approved material. The diameter of the ball must be an average of 69cm in diameter with a pressure of between 0.7 – 1.1 atmosphere. Also, the ball should weigh between 410 and 450 grams.
If the ball bursts in the middle of a game, the referee changes it, and the game is restarted.
A football field must be rectangular, measuring 90-120 meters by 45-90 meters. The pitch has to be marked by touchlines indicating different spot positions. The spot boundaries indicated by the touchlines are goal posts, corner arcs, flag posts, center circles, and penalty areas.
A goal score I achieved when the ball crosses the goal line under the crossbar between the goalposts. If the goals scored by both sides are equal, it is considered a draw. The team with the highest number of goals wins.
Rules of soccer: ball in play
The ball is only considered in play when it is on the field. Suppose It moves out of the field; it is considered out of play. In-play is considered if the ball rebounds off the referee or any of his assistants, flag post, goalposts, or the crossbars.
The referee and other officials
Every football match must have a referee. He has the task of maintaining order and ensuring the football rules and regulations are followed. So, he punishes those who don’t adhere to the soccer rules and awards a free kick for a rule infringement.
A football match takes place in two periods, each 45minutes with a 15-minute break. Additional time is to compensate for the time lost caring for injured players. Overtime is only added if the game is a draw.
A player is considered to be offside if the ball is passed forward and the following happens;
- He is close to the goal line than the ball
- There are less than two defenders, including the goalkeeper
- He is on the half part of the opponent’s side of the field
Each team must have at least seven members to start a game. The number of players from each side must be 11, including the goalkeeper. A maximum of 3 substitutions is allowed during official matches, while it can be higher in friendlies. An outfield may swap the goalkeeper during stoppage time.
The referee is at liberty of deciding on the appropriate punishment for a foul. A foul is committed if a player does the following;
- Charge at another player
- Strikes another player by headbutting, choking, punching, elbowing, among others
- Connects with a player before making a tackle with the ball
- If he prevents the other player from releasing the ball
- Handling the ball deliberately
The defending team receives a goal kick if the ball crosses the goal line without scoring. Any player can take the goal kick from anywhere in the goal area. The ball has to be kicked away from the penalty area. Until the second player touches the ball, the taker may not touch the ball again.
A penalty kick award is granted to the defending player for rule infringement or foul in his penalty area. The taker and the goalkeeper are the only participants in the penalty kick with a distance of 9.15m.
If the ball rebounds from the goalposts or the crossbar, the taker may not touch the ball. If the ball rebounds from the goalkeeper, the taker may touch the ball again.
Players must wear a shirt, a pair of shorts, football boots and shin guards. The goalkeeper must wear different colors of jersey to be distinguished from the rest. Since the goalkeeper’s primary role is to catch the ball with his hands, he has to wear a pair of gloves.
A free kick is awarded if there is rule infringement or foul. The free-kick award must go to the opposing team relative to the one who breaks the rule. That can either be direct or indirect. That means that the taker can score himself or his teammate.
The referee awards a throw-in if the ball crosses either two of the longest touchlines. The opposing team is awarded the throw-in if the other team member was the last to touch the ball. The ball has to be thrown into the field from the point it crosses the crossline.
The corner kick is always granted to the attacking team if the opposing team touches the ball. That is before crossing the crossline without scoring a goal. The taker must take the corner kick from the arc at the corner of the field.
Starting a play
A coin toss always determines the team that takes the first kick. The coin toss also helps in deciding which team will be defending which goal post. At halftime, the match restarts, with the opposing team taking the first kick.
Commonly known as linesmen, they are always at least two. The role of the linesmen is to ensure that the ball is in play and monitor fouls. Other roles are to watch for free-kick necessity, offside, and rule-breaking.
How to play football for beginners
If you want an easy time playing as a rookie, ensure you have the basic rules of football game at your fingertips. The steps below will show you how to play football as a beginner.
Mastering the ball
That involves being comfortable with the ball. That means, how well can you manipulate the ball using your chest, feet, head? Can you control the ball by the sole of your shoes, above the laces, on your forehead, and sideways? It takes practice and time to become a pro.
You need to know about turning because you have to ensure that you’re always in control of the ball in whatever direction you turn. Keep in mind that football is not about running and chasing the ball. You have to learn and master the technique of maneuvering with the ball.
Striking the ball
You can strike the ball in many ways. How you hit the ball depends on the ball’s state, your body angle, and position. To achieve the desired outcome, ensure you’re in the proper position and angle with the foot surface choice for striking the ball.
That is giving your teammate the ball. So, you’ll be kicking the ball in different directions at varying speeds. The important thing here is to spot whether your teammate is in a good position and angle.
Essentially, you should be able to keep the ball moving on your feet as you move. That means that you have to be in control of the ball at the same time you’re running.
When in a football match, you want to ensure your reflex is on top of the roof. Also, make sure you have the ball also moving at your speed. That is an essential factor in the game if you want to beat your opponent.
First touch control
Whenever the ball moves towards you, you want to gauge at what speed and angle it’s moving. Once you’ve determined your move of initiating the first touch, control shouldn’t be a problem.
How to play soccer for beginners? Video
Football might be the largest, most popular sport with a majority of fans worldwide (some history you can find here). But it takes only 17 football rules and regulations to define the capacity of enjoying a game. Nevertheless, football has been around for hundreds of years, and it is going to exist for many more.